Just like how the words “few”, “a few”, and “the few” have different meanings and usage, similarly, the words “little”, “a little”, and ”the little” are different from each other.
Although the trio has morally the same meaning, they are not applicable everywhere, and one cannot interchange them. All three words are used in different contexts, and they have some specific grammatical distinctions. Let us discuss them to have a better idea.
Little vs A Little vs The Little – Difference
“Little” is an adjective that indicates something that is less in amount or zero. It is generally used to convey something that is extremely less in quantity when compared to what one expected or wished.
It is a negative connotation that conveys a negative meaning of not having much.
- There is little hope for the covid patients.
- Little you know about the victims who are suffering in my state.
- There is little milk left.
We can see that “little” indicates an unknown amount that is evidently less. It is to notice that “little” is applicable with uncountable nouns.
“A Little” is an adverb that has a similar meaning to “little.” But here, “little” has an article preceding it that provides an indication of some. It is different from “little” because “a little” indicates some, it is something that is not much, but there is definitely something. Unlike “little,” which can mean extremely less, “a little” is a positive connotation that emphasizes a small amount but enough.
We can say, “a little” is a considerable amount, even if not much or a lot. Generally, it is used with singular uncountable nouns.
Let us see some examples;
- He smiled a little when you talked about food.
- Only a little amount of flour is needed.
- A little help would suffice, my friend.
Here, “a little” clearly connotes positivity by emphasizing a small quantity which is enough.
“The Little” on the other hand, is the indication of a specific quantity of something that is less in number. But what makes “the little” different is that it is the connotation of the definite amount. It refers to all that there is.
It will be easier with examples;
- The little kids were playing on the ground.
- The little things we do become our memories.
- I gave away the little money I had.
It conveys something that is small in amount and all that is available. It is a specific amount of something that is not much.
It is clear that “little”, “a little”, and “the little” all convey almost the same meaning. But there exist minor distinctions in the way that the words need to be executed and used. These words can be a little confusing and tricky sometimes. But if you can remember these key differences, it will become much easier for you.