The English words are divided into countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns are basically words that refer to or identify a class of things or people. It can be a place, person, animal, or thing. Nouns are both living and non-living things.
Today we will discuss countable nouns. We will learn about what countable nouns are and how they are used. While countable nouns are quite simple to understand, there are some rules that we need to follow to make our sentences grammatically correct.
Let us understand them with proper examples to learn precisely.
Countable nouns and their Usage
Countable nouns are simply the things that we refer to that can be counted. Countable nouns can be separated and counted in numbers. They are usually people, animals, or things like books, tables, bottles, etc.
It is very easy to recognize countable nouns. If we see something that can be separated into elements, they are countable nouns. If you see something and you can immediately figure out how many of those things are present, then it is a countable noun.
Some common countable noun examples are;
- Cat, cow, dog, person
- Table, chair, pen
- Book, computer, laptop
- Coin, plate, cup
These are all countable nouns. They can be identified with possible numbers.
Can countable nouns be plural and singular?
Yes, countable nouns can be both singular and plural. Depending on the situation, countable nouns can be either singular or plural. For example;
- My cat is hungry.
- I have a small cup.
- I don’t have a pen right now.
- My dogs are playing outside.
- The people I talked to were so rude.
- I have a lot of plates at my house.
- I don’t have many coins with me as of now.
Use of many, few, some, any with countable nouns
With countable nouns, we make use of quantifiers like some, any, many, and few. It is because these quantifiers refer to things that can be counted.
However, the use of much or little is not correct when we are using countable nouns. It is because they are used to quantify uncountable nouns.
- I have much coins left. (Wrong)
- I have many coins left. (Correct)
- I talked to a little people last night. (Wrong)
- I talked to a few people last night. (Correct)
Some other examples are;
- I have a few chocolates left in the cupboard.
- Do you have any coins with you?
- Can I look at some of your work?
- I have many bottles back at home.
Usage of articles with countable nouns
The rules with countable nouns are actually very simple. The articles ”a, an, or the” are applicable with countable nouns when they are singular. Even plural countable nouns can be correctly used with the article ”the” to show something that is specific or definite.
Let us look at some examples;
- I have a pen, do you want it?
- An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
- The book I sold last night was the oldest version.
- I have the box you are looking for.
So we see countable nouns are very easy to understand and learn. They are simply the things that can be counted and separated. Countable nouns can be both singular and plural. It is important to keep these small points in mind to ensure the proper usage of countable nouns.